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Refereed Articles

“Libya’s tribal leaders will be a stabilizing force.” Oxford Analytica (January 24, 2014). http://www.oxan.com.

“Libya is unlikely to become a federal state.” Oxford Analytica (December 12, 2013). http://www.oxan.com.

“Boycotts could harm Libya’s constituent assembly poll.” Oxford Analytica (November 6, 2013). http://www.oxan.com.

“Thematic Guide to Islam in Al-Andalus/Spain.” Oxford Islamic Studies Online (November 2013). http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com.

“Not Inclusive Yet.” Sada: An Analysis on Arab Reform (September 26, 2013). (http://carnegieendowment.org/sada/2013/09/26/not-inclusive-yet.gobf).

“Thematic Guide to Islam in France.” Oxford Islamic Studies Online (July 2013). http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com.

“Constitutional delays will deter investment in Libya.” Oxford Analytica (April 17, 2013). http://www.oxan.com.

“Tripoli will make slow progress on restoring security.” Oxford Analytica (February 18, 2013). http://www.oxan.com.

“Libyan Election Breaks Arab Spring Pattern.” The International Spectator 47, 3 (September 2012): 13-19 (http://www.iai.it).

“New Libyan Congress cannot match high expectations.” Oxford Analytica (July 4, 2012). http://www.oxan.com.

“Libyan security challenges point to patchy recovery.” Oxford Analytica (November 15, 2011). http://www.oxan.com.

“Libyan Islamists will play pragmatic role in power.” Oxford Analytica (November 4, 2011). http://www.oxan.com.

“Libya offers business high risk and reward.” Oxford Analytica (October 19, 2011). http://www.oxan.com.

“Redefining the Libyan revolution: the changing ideology of Muammar al-Qaddafi.” The Journal of North African Studies 13, 1 (March 2008): 91-106.

“Libya and the United States: A Faustian Pact?” Middle East Policy 15, 1 (Spring 2008): 133-48

“The Changing Libyan Economy: Causes and Consequences.” The Middle East Journal 62, 1 (Winter 2008): 75-91.

“Libya’s Oil & Gas Industry: Blending Old and New.” The Journal of North African Studies 12, 2 (June 2007): 239-54.

“Libya: Lockerbie Trial Ends, Sparking New Libyan Initiatives.” Africa Contemporary Record (28), B634-B648. New York: Africana Publishing Company, 2006.

“Libya Is Not Iraq: Preemptive Strikes, WMD and Diplomacy.” The Middle East Journal 58, 3 (Summer 2004): 386-402.

“Libya: Coming in from the Cold, Ties Re-established in Europe and Africa.” Africa Contemporary Record (27), edited by Colin Legum, B621-B635. New York: Africana Publishing Company, 2004.

“Libya and the United States: Elements of a Performance-Based Road Map,” Middle East Policy 10, 3 (Fall 2003): 144-54.

“Libyan Foreign Policy: Newfound Flexibility.” Orbis 47, 3 (Summer 2003): 463- 77.

“Round Up the Usual Suspects: Prospects for Regime Change in Libya.” The Journal of Libyan Studies 4, 1 (Summer 2003): 5-21.

“New Era in American-Libyan Relations.” Middle East Policy 9, 3 (September 2002): 85-93.

“The United States, the Cold War & Libyan Independence.” The Journal of Libyan Studies 2, 2 (Winter 2001): 26-45.

“Libya in Africa: Looking Back, Moving Forward.” The Journal of Libyan Studies 1, 1 (Summer 2000): 18-32.

“Qaddafi’s World Design Revisited.” Global Affairs 8, 1 (Winter 1993): 161-73.

“Whatever’s Happened to Qaddafi?” The World Today 43, 4 (April 1987): 58-59.

“Terrorism and Libyan Foreign Policy, 1981-1986.” The World Today 42, 7 (July 1986): 111-15.

“Libya’s Revolution in a Vietnamese Mirror: Building a New Political Order.” Asian Affairs (Dhaka, Bangladesh) 7, 1 (January-March 1985): 11-42.

“The Ideology of Mu’ammar al-Qadhdhafi: Theory and Practice.” International Journal of Middle East Studies 15, 4 (November 1983): 471-90.

“The Determinants of Libyan Foreign Policy, 1969-1983.” The Maghreb Review 8, 3-4 (May-August 1983): 96-103.

“The Soviet Penetration of Libya.” The World Today 38, 4 (April 1982): 131-38.

“Libya: The Continuous Revolution.” Middle Eastern Studies 17, 2 (April 1981): 210- 27.

“The Foreign Policy of Libya: Inflexibility amid Change.” Orbis 24, 4 (Winter 1981): 819-46.